Adolescent Identity: A multitude of aspects

Ryff began the process of designing an instrument to measure the theoretically-grounded core dimensions of psychological well-being by crafting definitions that would distinguish the poles of each dimension, measured as a scale. For example, a high scorer on self-acceptance "possesses a positive attitude toward the self; acknowledges and accepts multiple aspects of self including good and bad qualities; [and] feels positive about past life," while a low scorer on this same scale "feels dissatisfied with self; is disappointed with what has occurred with past life; is troubled about certain personal qualities; [and] wishes to be different than what he or she is." See Table 1 for all definitions of theory-guided dimensions of well-being.

This chapter examines various aspects of identity development ..

Aspects of Personal Identity - TalkTalk

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Most usually the roles that one enacts are sex-linked. The term role is used to indicate that the behavior patterns exhibited are learned or acted as if according to some sort of social script (Gagnon and Simon 1973). Men and men's roles are typically associated with strength and dangerous occupations while woman and women's roles are more often associated with child rearing and nurturing pursuits. But even so, these distinctions are increasingly being blurred. What was seen as a man's job at one time came to be seen as a woman's job and now anyone's job today (e.g., telephone operator). Since these aspects of life are seen to vary in different cultures and to be changing at different rates the society and learning-bound nature of culture is acknowledged.

In the search for identity, the adolescent ..

For transsexuals and intersexuals the distinction between sex and gender, as presented here, can become central to their being. The values each group or individual transsexual or intersexual person assigns to sex and gender, however, might be quite different. It is also suggested that to psychologists, philosophers and others it is also of benefit to clarify the differences between the two concepts. To best understand these distinctions one other set of definitions should first be made clear. These terms are related to the concept of identity.

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My reflection will be grounded on three theories: Josselson’s theory of women id development, Ferdman and Gallegos Latino/Latina identity development, and Worthington et al.’s model of heterosexual identity development.

all of which can lead to a multitude of adolescent ..

Gender and gender role refers to society's idea of how boys or girls or men and women are expected to behave and should be treated. A display of gender, as with a gender role, represents a public manifestation of gender identity. It can be said that one is a sex and one does gender; that sex typically, but not always, represents what is between one's legs while gender represents what is between one's ears. A sex role usually involves the acting out of one's biological predisposition. In young males this is associated typically with their greater aggressive, combative, and competitive nature than is usual with young females. In young females their sex roles are usually manifest by nurturing and compromising behavior, less frequently seen in boys. These might actually better be called sex-typical (male-typical; female-typical) behaviors. Gender roles are those behaviors imposed overtly or covertly by society. As described by Gagnon and Simon (Gagnon and Simon 1973) gender roles are behaviors that can be considered "scripted" by society. Examples of this is how girls learn to keep their knees together or adjust their dresses and apply cosmetics while boys actively memorize the rules of sports and games. Gender has everything to do with the society, in which one lives and may or may not have much to do with biology (Gagnon and Simon 1973).

Social Science Dictionary with a Durkheim bias

This usage and terminology presented is somewhat different from that used by John Money and Anke Ehrhardt (1972). These investigators do not use the term sexual identity and have generally conflated the meanings above under the terms gender identity/role and offer, in addition, their own definitions: "Gender identity is the private experience of gender role; and gender role is the public manifestation of gender identity . . .'gender identity' can be read to mean 'gender identity/role. (Page 146)." But here again the terminology has not been consistent with that used by others. Stoller (1968), for example, called this inner realization of self-identity as a male or female "core gender identity."