Africa, Emerging Civilizations In Sub-Sahara Africa
African collections | Stanford Libraries
basic culture of sub-Sahara Africa evolved mainly from its own traditions,
while imported Eurasian culture, such as Islam, was relatively superficial.
American civilizations were even more original, having developed in complete
isolation from the Old World.
The most noteworthy native American civilizations were those of the Mayas
in Yucatan and Guatemala, the Aztecs in central Mexico, and the Incas in Peru.
The Mayas are especially famous for their mathematics, their solar calendar,
and their writing system, still largely undeciphered.
Coptic Orthodox Church in Africa - Wikipedia
1200, when European states were becoming centralized monarchies,
comparable kingdoms were rising in sub-Sahara Africa, particularly in regions
drained by the Niger, Congo, and Zambesi rivers.