emerson, whitman and melville, emerson.
Art and Expression in the Age of Emerson and Whitman
Henry David Thoreau, Ralph Waldo Emerson, and Walt Whitman were three authors during this time that wrote about an idea that would later become the theme of many papers, discussions and lectures, Wakefulness.
The Subversive Imagination in the Age of Emerson and Melville.
Reprint of original 1988 edition (New York: Knopf). This book shows that the major pre–Civil War authors made extensive literary use of images and themes borrowed from 19th-century cultural phenomena such as sermons, newspapers, reform tracts, erotic writings, urban fiction, sentimental novels, and popular humor. Reynolds reveals swirling, subversive cultural energies that helped fuel the iconoclastic themes of Emerson, Thoreau, Whitman, Hawthorne, Melville, Poe, and Dickinson.