Chapter 22 World History - Nationalism and Imperialism …

The USA came to the empire game much later, and by the time it took the global stage, the corporate order was firmly entrenched. Robber barons virtually ran the nation, and many politicians and government officials were in their hip pockets. The European powers had national and colonial subjects. The American Empire had employees, customers, and voters. Employees were supposed to follow orders, living as subjects in economic dictatorships. In the American system, freedom was reserved for the owners, customers, and voters. At least, that was the carefully crafted fiction of how the American system functions. Customers supposedly had freedom of choice, but American capitalism was notable for how monopolies dominated the scene. When there is only one brand of product, there is little choice, especially regarding life’s necessities. In America, all industries and professions , as their owners and members attended to their mutual self-interest. Wiping out competitors was how the monopolies were largely established and maintained, which even remarked upon.

Transcript of Chapter 22 World History - Nationalism and Imperialism

The rise of African nationalism came partly in response to European imperialism

Why did imperialism lead to nationalism?

The Portuguese experience was different. Each European power had distinctly different methods by which it pursued its colonial enterprises, as long as it was recognized that they all used . While Spain had little trust in its freebooters, as they always tried carving out New World empires for themselves, and endless tribunals were held to try trimming their ambition, the Portuguese Crown did not continually hound its imperial agents, but maybe it should have. It is estimated that in those early days, only about a quarter of the revenues that should have made it into Portugal’s royal coffers ever got there, and the rest was skimmed off along the way by the corruption in Portugal’s nascent imperial system. The lavish court and inefficiency of Portugal’s imperial system left the Crown continually strapped for cash.

Unit 4: Nationalism, Industrialism, and Imperialism …

Lisbon became the heart of Europe’s early imperial efforts. Portugal’s African slaves became domestic servants in Lisbon. By 1550, Lisbon had about 100,000 people in it, with nearly 10,000 of them Africans. The 1494 Treaty of Tordesillas divided the global plunder grounds between Spain and Portugal. The early Portuguese success was with its trade route to Asia. The Portuguese originally viewed Africa as an obstacle to getting at Asia, although the slaves and gold from Africa provided unexpected benefits. After Lisbon was satisfied with its number of African slaves, Portugal began using them on sugar plantations on its Atlantic islands. The first instance of Portuguese slaving in the New World was when the Corte Real brothers seized more than a hundred Beothuk Indians from the shores of Newfoundland in 1501 and delivered their cargo to Portugal. Although the king was pleased, those were the only boatloads of slaves that Portugal obtained from that region.

Nationalists also took heart from a shift in international sentiment towards colonialism and imperial powers.

Causes of WWI - background - World history

The intent and effect of America’s invasion of Panama was the opposite of restoring democracy, and the drug trade probably doubled through Panama after the USA invaded and installed a puppet government. As with Saddam Hussein, Manuel Noriega was no saint. He came up through the military's ranks, as most Latin American dictators did. Noriega’s services were valuable to the USA, and he was well paid by the CIA, apparently more than $100,000 per year. Surely, Noriega had his hand in drug running, but almost as certainly did George Bush, Dan Quayle, Bill Clinton, and many others of high stature. Noriega succeeded Omar Torrijos as Panama's leader. Torrijos was not a typical banana-republic dictator. He was the closest thing to a democratic leader that Panama ever had, and was beloved by the Panamanian masses because he enacted many policies that benefited the average person, and he was decidedly wary of the USA's imperial influence. Torrijos died in a plane crash in 1981, an accident that many think was not accidental but sabotage and murder by Noriega, with CIA help. If that is true, it was merely a day at the office for the CIA. Economic Hit Man was friends with Torrijos, and that his death was a CIA assassination.

Schedule | AP European History 08-09

Few will baldly state what their true ambition is, especially when it is driven by and a lust for power. However, declassified documents from the war and early post-war years clearly spelled out the American government's intentions. American planners saw the colonized world in virtually the same way that Europe had, but their internal documents phrased things more clinically. Before World War II had even ended, the USA's planners saw nearly the entire globe as its “Grand Area,” and the USA's destroyed imperial rivals were going to follow the “great workshops” example of Japan and Germany during the war and become producers of goods that the USA would find useful. Traditional colonial lands were to be a source of cheap labor, food, and natural resources, and a captive market for manufactures, in mercantile fashion. Colonial domains, Africa in particular, were to be exploited to help rebuild Europe and Japan. The USA's plans were a blueprint for a truly global empire. Only the Soviet Union stood in its way (and later, China), and that was what the Cold War was all about, which the USA instigated and escalated at every opportunity.

nationalism and gender | Thinking Girl

France got its revenge on Germany for the humiliation of the Franco-Prussian War, and heavy reparations were laid on Germany, a forced admission of guilt, as well as disarmament. That situation led directly to World War II. The USA took center stage during World War II. Woodrow Wilson ran for re-election in 1916 on the platform of not getting the USA involved in World War I. He quickly reneged on the deal and the American government’s first big campaign in American history was manipulating Americans to support involvement in Europe’s war. The Espionage Act was passed, along with a related sedition amendment, which made it a crime to speak out against the war. Hundreds of Americans were imprisoned under those laws, including presidential candidate Eugene Debs, who was a socialist and noted pacifist. He even ran from prison in 1920 and received nearly a million votes. Silencing internal dissent was an imperial necessity. Wilson was a noted racist. He segregated the federal government and brought back Jim Crow. The economic progress that blacks had made since the Civil War was curtailed and even reversed under Wilson’s openly racist administration. In 1940, black families had a proportionally income compared to white families than they had in 1900, at about 30%.