Transcript of Chapter 22 World History - Nationalism and Imperialism
Why did imperialism lead to nationalism?
The Portuguese experience was different. Each European power had distinctly different methods by which it pursued its colonial enterprises, as long as it was recognized that they all used . While Spain had little trust in its freebooters, as they always tried carving out New World empires for themselves, and endless tribunals were held to try trimming their ambition, the Portuguese Crown did not continually hound its imperial agents, but maybe it should have. It is estimated that in those early days, only about a quarter of the revenues that should have made it into Portugal’s royal coffers ever got there, and the rest was skimmed off along the way by the corruption in Portugal’s nascent imperial system. The lavish court and inefficiency of Portugal’s imperial system left the Crown continually strapped for cash.
Unit 4: Nationalism, Industrialism, and Imperialism …
Lisbon became the heart of Europe’s early imperial efforts. Portugal’s African slaves became domestic servants in Lisbon. By 1550, Lisbon had about 100,000 people in it, with nearly 10,000 of them Africans. The 1494 Treaty of Tordesillas divided the global plunder grounds between Spain and Portugal. The early Portuguese success was with its trade route to Asia. The Portuguese originally viewed Africa as an obstacle to getting at Asia, although the slaves and gold from Africa provided unexpected benefits. After Lisbon was satisfied with its number of African slaves, Portugal began using them on sugar plantations on its Atlantic islands. The first instance of Portuguese slaving in the New World was when the Corte Real brothers seized more than a hundred Beothuk Indians from the shores of Newfoundland in 1501 and delivered their cargo to Portugal. Although the king was pleased, those were the only boatloads of slaves that Portugal obtained from that region.