Fall of the Roman Republic - Ancient Roman Empire …
Barbarian Invasions and the Fall of the Western Roman Empire
Rome'sfailure to adapt its city-state style government to ruling an empiretriggered a century long pattern of events that would eventually leadto fall of the old oligarchy led by the Senate. Either out of genuineconcern for reform, desire for personal gain and glory, or acombination of the two, an individual politician or general wouldintroduce new, but also disruptive practices. These would weaken Romancustoms, traditions, and institutions, especially the Senate. Thatwould create the need and open the way for new figures to rise up thatwould introduce even more disruptive practices, and so on. Thus thecycle would keep repeating until the old order was destroyed. Therewere five main figures this process brought to the forefront of Romanpolitics and who in turn perpetuated the cycle, allowing the rise ofthe next figure: Tiberius Gracchus, Gaius Gracchus, Marius, Sulla, andJulius Caesar. Not until Caesar's nephew and heir, Octavian, seizedpower would the cycle be broken and a new more stable order establishedin place of senatorial rule.
History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire
Regardless, despite Caesar's short reign and policies of reform and stability, the strength of his character and personality held the Republic together only as long as he lived. His assassination and the continuing Civil Wars that resulted, would be required to bring necessary power to a single ruler of a single great nation: The Roman Empire. The eventual rise and adoption of Caesar's heir, Octavian, to the exalted post of Augustus spelled the real end of the Republic. He, unlike his predecessors, rose at a time when the will for the Republican system had nearly died.
While tradition and some semblance of power would remain, the foundation of government under a single figure was a requirement to continue the advancement of the Empire. It was Augustus who proved to be the one man great and powerful enough to control the Senate, the mob and the Legions. Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus Augustus rose above all the great Romans before him to outlast political opponents, reform a corrupt government and stabilize a system in disarray. The Fall of the Republic was inevitable, but fortunately for Rome, the right man at the right time was there to step in as the first Roman Emperor.