Philosophers of the Enlightenment thought they had

- Himmelfarb (p 234) argues that the movement against slavery, in , was based not on reason but compassionand humanitarian zeal – thus casting doubt on the ‘enlightened’ nature of the Enlightenmentemphasis on ‘reason’

Enlightenment The Age of - World history

The two leading figures of Enlightenment satire are Voltaire (in French) and Swift (in English).

Age of Enlightenment - Wikipedia

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Burke's main argument that the Enlightenment was a negative influence is best presented below. Compute your gains; see what is got by those extravagant and presumptuous speculations which have taught your leaders to despise all their predecessors, and all their contemporaries, and even to despise themselves, until the moment in which they become truly despicable.

Blowing the Whistle on Enlightenment: Confessions of …

Their famous debate is available to us today, through collections of their works, both off and on the Internet. We shall take a look at these views and discover what the contemporaries of the French Revolution felt about the Enlightenment.

Political theorists wrote about the importance of carefully planned

Joseph Goebbels - Propaganda Principles - Psywarrior

- however, in France the philosophes vigorously opposedslavery and the slave trade, and most called for the immediate emancipation ofslaves, others for gradual abolition of slavery (as Himmelfarb points out, p169)[does it matter what the groundswere? And isn’t Himmelfarb in this instance contradicting the general drift ofher book, that the best examples in theEnlightenment are those who based their views on social feeling rather thanabstract reasoning?]

shaping-the-enlightenment-between-wolff-and ..

- though the constitution declared all men are createdequal, it also had clauses that perpetuated slavery: five slaves were countedas equivalent to three white men for the purposes of taxation (I have seen thisdefended as simply acknowledging that slaves were more poor…); it allowed theimportation of slaves for 20 more years (defended by Madison as better than notputting a time limit); and it required the return of escaped slaves to theirowners…

My views on cricket, life, politics, Islam and some more cricket

- Outram: there were difficulties for many in opposingslavery because it was so essential to an increasingly integrated worldeconomy, and so impossible to remove slaverywithout (it seemed) dismantling the whole economic system. The profits fromcommerce based on slavery were enabling governments to grow (ch 3) which‘primed the economic pump’ enabling the industrial revolution.

- the  dames who ran thesalons (see below) – salons were key sites for exchange of enlightenment views

The Age Of Reason, The Enlightenment And Deism

- The opposition to slavery was consequently seen asstrengthening government: the attack on property was an attack onproperty-holders; and, because only government (which was expanding and taxingmore during the Enlightenment because of international competition…) can orderand organise the emancipation of slaves, this meant giving more power togovernment – which was argued to be an attack on the rights and liberties ofsubjects.

What was the Enlightenment and what impact did it …

- Property holding and liberty were connected in theEnlightenment. (Rousseau was an exception in his argument against property). Sothe attack on slavery was seen as undermining property.

Blake's representation of Newton

- Outram: a central concern in the Enlightenment was the‘meaning and manipulation of difference’ (p 74) – which was at the heart of theproblem of slavery