The city of Hiroshima, with a population of 350,000, had been razed.

According to Manhattan Project scientist Leo Szilard, Secretary of State Byrnes had said that the bomb's biggest benefit was not its effect on Japan but its power to "make Russia more manageable in Europe". General Leslie Groves, Director of the Manhattan Project, testified in 1954: "There was never, from about two weeks from the time I took charge of this Project, any illusion on my part but that Russia was our enemy, and that the Project was conducted on that basis." The United States was thinking post-war. A Venezuelan diplomat reported to his government after a May 1945 meeting that Assistant Secretary of State Nelson Rockefeller "communicated to us the anxiety of the United States Government about the Russian attitude".

from the explosion center)Nuclear bomb released by the US.

dropped a second atomic bomb without a second thought, this time on the people of Nagasaki.

The memorial Cenotaph in Hiroshima was unveiled on August 6, 1952.

August 15
Emperor Hirohito of Japan, in a radio broadcast to his nation announces that Japan has lost the war. The Emperor's announcement is hard to understand because he speaks in archaic court Japanese, but one fact is understood: "Moreover, the enemy has begun to employ a new and most cruel bomb, the power of which to damage is indeed incalcuable, taking the toll of many innocent lives."

Hap Arnold asserted that conventional bombing could end the war.

Mr Yearout says Trinity paved the way for bringing an end to the war and saving many American and Japanese lives. "If we had gone into Japan, we would have encountered the worst fighting we ever had ever seen. We would have been there for four to six years."But 60 years on, debate still rages over whether the bomb was really necessary to force the Japanese to surrender.

August 10  U.S. drops warning leaflets on Nagasaki on the day after  the bombing.

The Atomic Bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki

3 at Tabata near Mojie in northern Kyushu come three ex-prisoners who have found the lure of the open roads irresistible after three years confinement and have come to Nagasaki in order to view the results of the atomic bomb.

Why Can People Live in Hiroshima and Nagasaki Now, …

"We contacted the Japs at seven in the morning. They opened fire at 8:30 a.m. We held out until 2 p.m., when a Jap spotter plane dropped a bomb near out stern and watched us go down.

Hiroshima: the Article - Doug Long

This triggered the signature-collecting movement against atomic and hydrogen bombs all over Japan, and thirty million signatures were collected in a year.

Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombings

Their bloodstream has not thinned as in first class and their organs after death are found in a normal condition of health. But they are dead — dead of atomic bomb — and nobody knows why.

Hiroshima and Nagasaki Remembered: The Story of Hiroshima

Yosisada Nakashima, told the writer that he is convinced that these people are simply suffering from the atomic bomb’s beta Gamma, or the neutron ray is taking effect.

THE ATOMIC BOMBINGS OF HIROSHIMA AND NAGASAKI

Charles Gellings of North East, Md., says, "The Houston was caught on the eastern side or Java side of Sunda. It was in the straits near Bantan Bay. Three hundred and forty-eight were saved, but they were all scattered."Chicago born Miles Mahnke, Plane, Ill., who looks all right, though his original 215 pounds dropped to 160, says, "I was, in the death march at Bataan. Guess you know what that was."Here is Albert Rupp of the submarine Grenadier, who lives at 920 Belmont av., Philadelphia, "We were chasing two Nip cargo boats 450 miles off Penang. A spotter plane dropped a bomb on us hitting the maneuvering room. We lay on the bottom, but the next time came up we were bombed again. We finally had to scuttle the sub. Thirty-nine men of forty-two were saved."Also from the submarine is William Cunningham, 4225 Webster av.