Exploring the Perspectives of the Civil War: Introduction
Scholars' Perspectives - War of 1812 (U.S
The involvement of African Americans in medicine in the Civil War era is an untold chapter in our history. Up to that time most practitioners had learned medicine by apprenticeship but this began to change in the early Nineteenth Century. James McCune Smith was the first African American to obtain a medical degree when, in 1837, he was graduated from the University of Glasgow in Scotland. In 1847 David James Peck was the first to receive a medical degree in the United States. By the end of the Civil War at least 22 African Americans had obtained degrees and were practicing medicine. At least twelve of these physicians served with the Union Army.
The SAGE Encyclopedia of War: Social Science Perspectives
The remaining nine men all served as acting assistant surgeons. They all served in USCT units or in the contraband hospitals. The largest of these was the Contraband Hospital in Washington, D.C. which became Freedman’s Hospital after the Civil War and later Howard Hospital as part of Howard University. The doctors will be listed alphabetically.
A Declaration of War Against Exploiters of Lakota Spirituality
This summary of the African American medical experience during the American Civil War only begins the story. Undoubtedly many whose names are not yet known served in similar capacities at that time. It is hoped that this account will be the stimulus to find and report others who served so that their heroic and trend-setting actions can be celebrated.