Social Contract Theory - Sacramento State
Weaknesses Within the Social Control Theory | Bizfluent
With other social contract theorists, there’s often an unspoken commitment to relativism. In the end, happiness is whatever you “feel” (not reason) it to be. The main action is subsequently to be found in arguing about the rules of the game that might be agreed upon by what an older Rawls described as a “reasonable overlapping consensus” (which turns out to be less than reasonable, far from overlapping, and based less on agreement than upon who turns out to be more ruthless in seeking official endorsement of their particular desires).
The Social Contract: A License to Steal ..
Which brings me to another point that I think demonstrates the problems of social contract theory: political authority in itself does not require a contract or some form of transmission process for its legitimacy.
Contemporary Social Contract Theorists 18
By contrast with the engineering model, interpretive social sciencetakes up the first-person perspective in making explicit themeaningfulness of an action or expression. Interpretations as practicalknowledge are not based on some general theory (no matter how helpfulor explanatory these may be when interpretation is difficult), butreconstruct agent's own reasons, or at least how these reasons mightseem to be good ones from a first-person perspective. This leaves aninterpreter in a peculiar epistemic predicament: what started as theenterprise of seeing things from others' points of view can at bestprovide the best interpretation for us of how things arefor them. As a matter of interpretive responsibility, thereis no getting around the fact that ethnography or history is ourattempt “to see another form of life in the categories of ourown” (Geertz 1971, 16–17; Bohman 1991, 132). The only way out ofthis problem is to see that there is more than one form of practicalknowledge.
What is Social Contract Theorists
These may appear very different in nature andaction fromsocial aspirations, governmentand social authority, but the character of their influence on development is quitesimilar.