Social Contract Theory | Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Modern authoritarian states have augmented the power of government tocompel and control by evolving complex organizational mechanisms to reach out into everyfield of social activity.

Social Contract Theory - Sacramento State

Postapocalyptic Fiction and the Social Contract: We'll Not Go Home Again [Claire P

Weaknesses Within the Social Control Theory | Bizfluent

With other social contract theorists, there’s often an unspoken commitment to relativism. In the end, happiness is whatever you “feel” (not reason) it to be. The main action is subsequently to be found in arguing about the rules of the game that might be agreed upon by what an older Rawls described as a “reasonable overlapping consensus” (which turns out to be less than reasonable, far from overlapping, and based less on agreement than upon who turns out to be more ruthless in seeking official endorsement of their particular desires).

The Social Contract: A License to Steal ..

Which brings me to another point that I think demonstrates the problems of social contract theory: political authority in itself does not require a contract or some form of transmission process for its legitimacy.

Acquiring social behaviors requires gaining control over our psychologicalenergies and channeling them into acceptable forms of behavior.

Contemporary Social Contract Theorists 18

By contrast with the engineering model, interpretive social sciencetakes up the first-person perspective in making explicit themeaningfulness of an action or expression. Interpretations as practicalknowledge are not based on some general theory (no matter how helpfulor explanatory these may be when interpretation is difficult), butreconstruct agent's own reasons, or at least how these reasons mightseem to be good ones from a first-person perspective. This leaves aninterpreter in a peculiar epistemic predicament: what started as theenterprise of seeing things from others' points of view can at bestprovide the best interpretation for us of how things arefor them. As a matter of interpretive responsibility, thereis no getting around the fact that ethnography or history is ourattempt “to see another form of life in the categories of ourown” (Geertz 1971, 16–17; Bohman 1991, 132). The only way out ofthis problem is to see that there is more than one form of practicalknowledge.

What is Social Contract Theorists

These may appear very different in nature andaction fromsocial aspirations, governmentand social authority, but the character of their influence on development is quitesimilar.

John Locke is an illustration of how social contract theory distorts sound political reasoning.

Short essay on social contract theory of the origin of …

If the argument of the last section is correct, a pragmatic accountis inevitably methodologically, theoretically, and perspectivallypluralistic. Any kind of social scientific method orexplanation-producing theory can be potentially critical. There are nospecific or definitive social scientific methods of criticism ortheories that uniquely justify the critical perspective. One reason forthis is that there is no unique critical perspective, nor should therebe one for a reflexive theory that provides a social scientific accountof acts of social criticism and their conditions of pragmaticsuccess.

The social contract theory throws light on the origin of the society

Why is this practical dimension decisive for democratizingscientific authority? There seems to be an indefinite number ofperspectives from which to formulate possible general histories of thepresent. Merely to identify a number of different methods and a numberof different theories connected with a variety of different purposesand interests leaves the social scientist in a rather hopelessepistemological dilemma. Either the choice among theories,methods, and interests seems utterly arbitrary, or theCritical Theorist has some special epistemic claim to survey the domainand make the proper choice for the right reason. The skeptical horn ofthe dilemma is embraced by “new pragmatists” like Richard Rorty(Rorty 1991) and Max Weber (1949) alike, who see all such knowledge aspurpose-relative. The latter, perhaps Hegelian horn demands objectivistclaims for social science generally and for the epistemic superiorityof the Critical Theorist in particular--claims that Habermas and otherCritical Theorists have been at pains to reject (Weber 1949; Habermas1973, 38). Is there any way out of the epistemic dilemma of pluralismthat would preserve the possibility of criticism without endorsingepistemic superiority?

Social Contracts, Human Flourishing, and the Economy

Government, social and cultural authority asexpressed through social norms, systems, institutions, laws, customs, and values determinethe effectiveness with which surplus energy is converted by society into productive power.