Paper compares Aristotle, Plato, and Socrates with the Christian ..
Greece and was the student of Socrates and the teacher of Aristotle
While the court doesn't seem to do very well, the trial of Socrates is ironically a great tribute to Athens, just because Socrates was allowed to make his defense, his friends were allowed to witness it, and the record of it, produced by people like Plato and Xenophon, became celebrated documents of Greek philosophy, and of the history of Athens.
including Plato, Antisthenes, Xenophon and Aristotle, ..
If he has been hearing his voice since childhood, and occasionally even goes into trances in public, there may well have been more to Socrates' relationship to the divine than we do ever hear about.
Socrates (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
Socrates, in his defense, mentioned the harm done to him byAristophanes’s Clouds (§2.1). Though Socrates deniedoutright that he studied the heavens and what is below the earth, hisfamiliarity with the investigations of natural philosophers and hisown naturalistic explanations make it no surprise that the juryremained unpersuaded. And, seeing Socrates out-argue Meletus, the juryprobably did not make fine distinctions between philosophy andsophistry. Socrates three times took up the charge that he corruptedthe young, insisting that, if he corrupted them, he did sounwillingly; but if unwillingly, he should be instructed, notprosecuted (Apology 25e–26a). The jury found him guilty. Byhis own argument, however, Socrates could not blame the jury, for itwas mistaken about what was truly in the interest of the city(cf. Theaetetus 177d–e) and thus required instruction.
Plato - Writer, Philosopher - Biography
Actually, this all began somewhat earlier with Socrates, Plato's teacher, who, however, was not a scientist, and so not central to our discussion here. One of Socrates' main concerns was how to get the best people to run the state, and what were the ideal qualities to be looked for in such leaders. He believed in free and open discussion of this and other political questions, and managed to make very clear to everybody that he thought the current leaders of Athens were a poor lot. In fact, he managed to make an enemy of almost everyone in a position of power, and he was eventually brought to trial for corrupting the young with his teachings. He was found guilty, and put to death.