Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle - Shippensburg University

Socrates’s tribe was Antiochis, and his deme was Alopece(south-southeast of the city wall). Assuming that his stoneworker father,Sophroniscus, kept to the conventions, he carried the infant around thehearth, thereby formally admitting him into the family, five days afterhe was born, named him on the tenth day, presented him to hisphratry (a regional hereditary association) and tookresponsibility for socializing him into the various institutions properto an Athenian male. Literacy had become widespread among males sinceabout 520, and there were a number of elementary schools teaching boysto read and write, along with the traditional gymnastics and music, bythe 480s (Harris 1989, 55), so we can be confident that Socratesreceived a formal education and that Plato was not exaggerating when hedescribed the young Socrates as eagerly acquiring the philosopherAnaxagoras’s books (scrolls, to be more precise, Phaedo98b).

Paper compares Aristotle, Plato, and Socrates with the Christian ..

In light of Socrates and Plato's homoerotic comments, this is well worth keeping in mind.

Greece and was the student of Socrates and the teacher of Aristotle

While the court doesn't seem to do very well, the trial of Socrates is ironically a great tribute to Athens, just because Socrates was allowed to make his defense, his friends were allowed to witness it, and the record of it, produced by people like Plato and Xenophon, became celebrated documents of Greek philosophy, and of the history of Athens.

including Plato, Antisthenes, Xenophon and Aristotle, ..

If he has been hearing his voice since childhood, and occasionally even goes into trances in public, there may well have been more to Socrates' relationship to the divine than we do ever hear about.

Aristotle, indeed, might take the opposite of  as ; and we would not see a clear contradiction of this here with Socrates.

Socrates (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

Socrates, in his defense, mentioned the harm done to him byAristophanes’s Clouds (§2.1). Though Socrates deniedoutright that he studied the heavens and what is below the earth, hisfamiliarity with the investigations of natural philosophers and hisown naturalistic explanations make it no surprise that the juryremained unpersuaded. And, seeing Socrates out-argue Meletus, the juryprobably did not make fine distinctions between philosophy andsophistry. Socrates three times took up the charge that he corruptedthe young, insisting that, if he corrupted them, he did sounwillingly; but if unwillingly, he should be instructed, notprosecuted (Apology 25e–26a). The jury found him guilty. Byhis own argument, however, Socrates could not blame the jury, for itwas mistaken about what was truly in the interest of the city(cf. Theaetetus 177d–e) and thus required instruction.

Plato - Writer, Philosopher - Biography

Actually, this all began somewhat earlier with Socrates, Plato's teacher, who, however, was not a scientist, and so not central to our discussion here. One of Socrates' main concerns was how to get the best people to run the state, and what were the ideal qualities to be looked for in such leaders. He believed in free and open discussion of this and other political questions, and managed to make very clear to everybody that he thought the current leaders of Athens were a poor lot. In fact, he managed to make an enemy of almost everyone in a position of power, and he was eventually brought to trial for corrupting the young with his teachings. He was found guilty, and put to death.

5 Reasons Why Plato and Aristotle Still Matter Today ..

The confrontation that we are calling for with the apostate regimesdoes not know Socratic debates …, Platonic ideals …, norAristotelian diplomacy. But it knows the dialogue of bullets, theideals of assassination, bombing, and destruction, and the diplomacyof the cannon and machine-gun.

to Aristotle, which includes Socrates and Plato, ..

This had a profound effect on his pupil Plato, a Greek aristocrat, who had originally intended to involve himself in politics. Instead, he became an academic-in fact, he invented the term! He, too, pondered the question of what is the ideal society, and his famous book "The Republic" is his suggested answer. He was disillusioned with Athenian democracy after what had happened to Socrates, and impressed with Sparta, an authoritarian state which won a war, the Peloponnesian war, against Athens. Hence his Republic has rather a right wing, antidemocratic flavor. However, he tries to ensure that the very best people in each generation are running the state, and he considers, being a philosopher, that the best possible training for these future leaders is a strong grounding in logic, ethics and dealing with abstract ideas. This is made particularly clear on p 67,8 of Lloyd, where a quote from the Republic is given, in which Socrates is emphasizing how important it is for future leaders to study astronomy. Glaucon agrees that astronomy is useful in navigation, military matters and accurately determining seasons for planting, etc., to which Socrates responds emphatically that these reasons are not nearly as important as the training in abstract reasoning it provides.

Plato | Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Plato and Aristotle, maybe, but there is no evidence of monotheism in the , or in the early dialogues that we can confidently say reflect Socrates' own ideas.