and 16th Century Northern Europe, Spain and Italy ..

Baroque murals and paintings are often found in churches and cathedrals throughout Italy and the rest of Europe, mostly because the Roman Catholic Church of the 17th century knew that this style of art could be used to promote the church and give an impression of power and authority.


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In Italy, Venice and Genoa had grown rich on trade with the Orient, while Florence was a centre of wool, silk and , and was home to the fabulous wealth of the cultured and art-conscious .

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, on the other hand, created very grandiose works of art, and was perhaps the most successful and famous Baroque painters of his time, painting for kings and emperors of several countries as well as the Church all throughout Europe.

Although Italy started the renaissance the north seems to have had a lot of ..

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Throughout Europe in France, Flanders, Germany, Italy and Spain, painters, freed from monastic disciplines, displayed the main characteristics of this style in the stronger narrative interest of their , the effort to give more humanity of sentiment and appearance to the Madonna and other revered images, more individual character to portraiture in general and to introduce details of landscape, animal and bird life that the painter-monk of an earlier day would have thought all too mundane.

Christian Art: History, Characteristics - Art Encyclopedia

Renaissance art theory was officially taken up and promulgated (alas too rigidly) by all the official academies of art across Europe, including, notably, the Accademia di San Luca in Rome, the Accademia del Disegno in Florence, the French Académie des Beaux-Arts in Paris, and the Royal Academy in London.

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This was due in part to the fact that most Northern Renaissance artists began using oil paint in the early 15th century, in preference to or which (due to climatic and other reasons) were still the preferred painting methods in Italy.

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Renaissance Art: History, Characteristics - Art Encyclopedia

You might want to give students clues, such as the continent the country is in (Europe), that it is in the Northern Hemisphere, or that its name starts with an "I." Answer: Italy.
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The Baroque Movement in Northern Europe and Italy Artists of Rome and of Northern Europe shock viewers with emotionally-profound works using Baroque art

Italy has Europe's richest, craziest culture

Protestantism (which divided into four types: Lutheran, Calvinist, Anglican and Anabaptist) took root in Northern European countries like Holland, Germany (except Bavaria) and Britain, while Southern European countries like France, Italy and Spain (along with the Spanish colony of Flanders), remained Catholic.

The Baroque art movement began during the early 17th century in Italy and lasted over a century throughout Europe

Albrecht Dürer: The Genius with a Great Soul

In simple terms, the Northern Renaissance started with a bang, rapidly establishing itself as the foremost school of oil painting, and thereafter gradually declined.