Abigail Adams - Women's Rights National Historical …
Abigail Adams was the second First Lady of America
Abigail Adams learned to singlehandedly maintain the household and run their farm in Braintree during her husband's absences on the legal circuit. This independence and self-sufficiency served her well as John became increasingly busy with revolutionary politics. During the Battle of Bunker Hill (Breed's Hill) on June 17, 1775, Abigail and son John Quincy watched the fighting from nearby Penn's Hill. John Quincy recalled watching his mother sob upon receiving the news that their close friend, Dr. Joseph Warren, had been killed in that fighting.
Abigail Smith Adams | National Women's History Museum
John Adams' duties as a delegate to the First and Second Continental Congresses kept him away in Philadelphia, Baltimore, and other towns for long stretches. The resulting correspondence between John and Abigail documents the forming of a new nation and the influence Abigail Adams had on her husband's opinion. In a letter of March 31, 1776, Abigail famously reminded her husband to "remember the ladies" when considering new rights and liberties for the young nation.
Adams are well known to American readers
Known for her intelligence and wit, Adams was born November 11, 1744, in Weymouth, Massachusetts, to William and Elizabeth Quincy Smith. Plagued by poor health as a child, she acquired an extensive education through reading. She later wrote that her sister's husband, Richard Cranch, was a tutor who put "proper Bookes into my hands, who taught me to love the poets and to distinguish their Merrits." When her mother worried about Adams' bookish nature and strong opinions, Adams' grandmother assured her that "wild colts make the best horses."