New England Colonies - The 13 Colonies for Kids
Colonial Intimacies: Indian Marriage in Early New England…
Just to make things a little more confusing. I get a couple of emails a month challenging one or another of the dates I have listed on this page. Most of the time it is a typical question of pinpointing an event far in the past. But sometimes the date seems very clear and still there is confusion in the references. I think I can shed a little light on some of the confusion. Today we all use a calendar called the Gregorian calendar. The official adoption of the Gregorian calendar by Pope Gregory was in 1582 but many countries (especially non-Catholic countries) did not adopt it until much later and continued to use the Julian calendar that dated back to Julius Caesar's time. The Gregorian calendar was not adopted in England until 1752 (and that includes the United States because it was an English colony at the time) so the date on the Mayflower Compact (November 11, 1620), for instance, was based on the Julian calendar. The time between 1582 and 1752, therefore, is kind of a no mans land for dates and can be 10 to 12 days different depending on when it happened and which calendar is used in your reference. To convert to the Gregorian calendar you add approximately 10 days to the date from the Julian calendar. That means the Pilgrims signed the Mayflower Compact on the 11th the 21st, depending on which calendar you use. I have only recently realized that this uncertainty exists in some of my references. Almost all of the dates on this page occurred while England was using the Julian calendar so if the date is taken from the original source it is probably about 10 days different than our calendar would indicate. I am going to be looking at my dates with a new pair of eyes now. If you suspect I have confused my calendars somehow, please let me know.
Planters of Early New England – GenealogyBlog
There were a few along the coast, north of Florida, in the 16th and early 17th century but what is now Georgia was originally just the southern portion of the Carolina grant. Hoping to provide a second chance for adventurous members of the English under class, King George II, in 1732, granted Georgia to James Edward Oglethorpe, an English general. In addition to its lofty social goals the new Colony was also intended to provide additional protection for its northern colonial partners. Prior to Oglethorpe and his party settling the area in 1733, Fort King George was the only English occupation in the area. The Fort, which was established in 1721, was the Southern-most post in the Colonies and was situated to provide a buffer against Spanish and French intrusion from the South.
I could not have been more wrong
There the settlers acted together as a single public body, bringingto bear upon the school the concentrated resources of the community and, in 1647, Massachusetts Bay legislation-followedshortly by all the New England colonies except Rhode Island-provided for compulsory elementary education.In the south, the farms and plantations were so widely separated that community schools like those in the more compactsettlements were impossible.
New England (1600 - 1700) Buccaneers, Bigots, Slavers and …
Although the Dutch West India Co. explored and began to settle the New York area as early as 1614, the principal occupation of the area did not occur until 1624 when Dutch settlers arrived at Governors Island and then spread to other areas in the region. In 1626, as we all remember from our early history lessons, Peter Minuit arrived on Manhattan Island and, with other Dutch settlers, bought the island from the local Indians for 60 gilders ($24.) worth of goods. The settlement and fort on the island became known as New Amsterdam which eventually became the City of New York. The Dutch holdings in the area were collectively called New Netherlands and included areas of what is now New Jersey. New Amsterdam was granted self government and incorporated by the Dutch in 1653.