Socio-economic effects of HIV/AIDS in African countries

HIV and AIDS were unfamiliar to the area of southern Africa as recently as the mid 1980s; now, it is the most affected area worldwide. Of the eleven countries in South Africa (Angola, Namibia, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa, Lesotho, Swaziland, Madagascar) at least 7 are deemed to exceed 15% for infection rate. Angola presents one of the lowest infection rates at 2.1%. However, this may simply be a reporting error and is not the result of a successful national response to the threat of AIDS but of the long-running (1975–2002) Angolan Civil War (see Economic Factors section).

against HIV/AIDS in Africa must come at the top of national ..

Out of the 3 million AIDS deaths worldwide, 2.2 million deaths have occurred in Africa.

The Social and Political Effects of AIDS in ..

Lately, many African countries have implemented household-based surveys and national population are done to collect data from both man and woman, rural and urban areas, non-pregnant and pregnant women, and they have altered the recorded national prevalence levels of HIV. Still, these are imperfect, as people might fear testing positive for HIV, or their HIV status being revealed, and thus hesitate to fill out the household survey accurately. Additionally, migrant laborers, a high risk group, are excluded from household surveys.

The impact of HIV / AIDS on population growth in Africa ..

In contrast with the predominantly Muslim areas in North Africa and the Horn region, traditional cultures and religions in much of Sub-Saharan Africa have generally exhibited a more liberal attitude in regard to sexual activity. The latter includes practices which lead to a higher risk of HIV including multiple partners and promiscuity especially for males. These values and cultural practices have been implicated in the region’s higher rates of HIV/AIDS.

What has been an effect of the AIDS pandemic? …

Medical facilities in many African countries are lacking. There are also not enough health care workers available. This is partly due to lack of training available. It is also because of the promise of far better living conditions for workers by foreign medical organizations. In many African countries, there is no formal health care infrastructure at all. Many individuals in their respective communities either rely on “folk” remedies to try to heal, or they simply live with no care at all. In an attempt to get care in locations there is an option to do so, when family members get sick with HIV (or other sicknesses), the family often ends up selling most of their belongings in order to provide health care for the individual. This starts a negative cycle, as the family often ends up in a long-term situation without necessary provisions for life…in addition to a gravely ill family member.

The macroeconomic effects of HIV/AIDS in Africa are ..

Conclusion: Our conclusion isthat such proposals ignoredoubts about the robustness of the evidence from the Africanrandom-controlled trials as to the protective effect of circumcisionand the practical value of circumcision as a means of HIV control;misrepresent the nature of Australia's HIV epidemic and exaggerate therelevance of the African random-controlled trials findings to it;underestimate the risks and harm of circumcision; and ignore questionsof medical ethics and human rights. The notion of circumcision as a‘surgical vaccine’ is criticised as polemical and unscientific.

Socio-economic effects of HIV/AIDS in ..

Approach: These arguments areevaluated in terms of theirlogic, coherence and fidelity to the principles of evidence-basedmedicine; the extent to which they take account of the evidence forcircumcision having a protective effect against HIV and thepracticality of circumcision as an HIV control strategy; the extent ofits applicability to the specifics of Australia's HIV epidemic; thebenefits, harms and risks of circumcision; and the associated humanrights, bioethical and legal issues.

AIDS effect on mortality in Africa.

Countries in Western Africa include Senegal, The Gambia, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Côte d’Ivoire, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Cameroon, Nigeria, and the landlocked states of Mali, Burkina Faso and Niger.