International Journal of Global Warming
Annals of Nuclear Energy (ANE)
There are many matters that cannot usefully be examined in ascientific way. There are, for instance, beliefs thatbytheir very naturecannot be proved or disproved (such as theexistence of supernatural powers and beings, or the true purposesof life). In other cases, a scientific approach that may be validis likely to be rejected as irrelevant by people who hold tocertain beliefs (such as in miracles, fortune-telling, astrology,and superstition). Nor do scientists have the means to settleissues concerning good and evil, although they can sometimescontribute to the discussion of such issues by identifying thelikely consequences of particular actions, which may be helpfulin weighing alternatives.
Arabian Journal of Geosciences
Science also assumes that the universe is, as its nameimplies, a vast single system in which the basic rules areeverywhere the same. Knowledge gained from studying one part ofthe universe is applicable to other parts. For instance, the sameprinciples of motion and gravitation that explain the motion offalling objects on the surface of the earth also explain themotion of the moon and the planets. With some modifications overthe years, the same principles of motion have applied to otherforcesand to the motion of everything, from the smallestnuclear particles to the most massive stars, from sailboats tospace vehicles, from bullets to light rays.
Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest
Even so, scientists can seldom bring definitive answers tomatters of public debate. Some issues are too complex to fitwithin the current scope of science, or there may be littlereliable information available, or the values involved may lieoutside of science. Moreover, although there may be at any onetime a broad consensus on the bulk of scientific knowledge, theagreement does not extend to all scientific issues, let alone toall science-related social issues. And of course, on issuesoutside of their expertise, the opinions of scientists shouldenjoy no special credibility.
Providing care for patients with paediatric surgical conditions.
In their work, scientists go to great lengths to avoidbiastheir own as well as that of others. But in matters ofpublic interest, scientists, like other people, can be expectedto be biased where their own personal, corporate, institutional,or community interests are at stake. For example, because oftheir commitment to science, many scientists may understandablybe less than objective in their beliefs on how science is to befunded in comparison to other social needs.