New book about the history of the Green Bay Fire Department.
History of firefighting - Wikipedia
Fire marks gradually disappearedat the same time as the paid fire departments spread. This is merely acoincidence. Even though some newly organized insurance companies issued marksin the 1890’s, their day as an effective form of advertising was over. Technology supplanted both the fire mark and the volunteer fire companies. Thefire mark was replaced by more colorful and less expensive advertising, such asprinted material using chromolithography. At the same time, technology led tothe development of the steam fire engine, which was expensive to purchase andmaintain. The new firefighting equipment created the need for a full timeprofessional fire department, especially in the large cities.
Firefighter Badges: Rich in History and Symbolism | …
Nine African-American students enrolled at Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas. Governor Faubus ordered the Arkansas National Guard to surround Central High School to keep the nine students from entering the school, because he believed black and whites should be segregated, despite Federal laws on integration. President Dwight D. Eisenhower ordered the 101st Airborne Division into Little Rock to insure the safety of the students. The crisis gained world-wide attention.