Jacksonian Era Flashcards | Quizlet

The rise of political parties as the fundamental organizing unit of the Second (Two) Party System represented a sharp break from the values that had shaped Republican and Federalist political competition. Leaders in the earlier system remained deeply suspicious that parties could corrupt and destroy the young republic. At the heart of the new legitimacy of parties, and their forthright celebration of democracy, was the dramatic expansion of for white men.

Jacksonian democracy - Wikipedia

This deepened the interest and the faith of the common man on the government and the Democrats.

Jacksonian Democracy and its Characteristics and …

Basically, they had abandoned the idea of a highly structuredchurch hierarchy, on the Roman or Anglican model; instead they believedin the individual discovery of the Truth, and of the right of the to have the minister they wanted -- something denied to them in the 1620sin England.

The 13-digit and 10-digit formats both work

In 1833, Jackson dictated the treasury secretary to draw back federal funding of the Second Bank in direct resistance to Congress.

Jackson invented the 'spoils system' that rewarded party loyalty by aiding its supporters with government positions, regardless of their educational qualifications, rather than handing the positions over to the elite.

The Jacksonian administration stayed aloof from all the major religious tensions of the era thus distinguishing between the church and the state.

Jacksonian democracy greatly followed the expansionist policies and enlarged the geographical territories of the United States.

They propagated the Manifest Destiny, an ideology and movement to vindicate American enlargement policies in the Western Hemisphere.

Butthese men too, like Andrew Jackson and Henry Clay, often hedged their betsby setting up moderate sized plantations with names like theand .

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In the North, becauseof better general education and social mobility, whenever technology createda new occupation for which there was a demand, persons capable of fillingthe role selected themselves and did what it took to prepare themselvesfor the new role.

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The presidential election of 1828 brought a great victory for . Not only did he get almost 70 percent of the votes cast in the electoral college, popular participation in the election soared to an unheard of 60 percent. This more than doubled the turnout in 1824; Jackson clearly headed a sweeping political movement. His central message remained largely the same from the previous election, but had grown in intensity. Jackson warned that the nation had been corrupted by "," characterized especially by the policies of the Second Bank of the United States. The proper road to reform, according to Jackson, lay in an absolute acceptance of majority rule as expressed through the democratic process. Beyond these general principles, however, Jackson's campaign was notably vague about specific policies. Instead, it stressed Jackson's life story as a man who had risen from modest origins to become a successful Tennessee planter. Jackson's claim to distinction lay in a military career that included service as a young man in the Revolutionary War, several anti-Indian campaigns, and, of course, his crowning moment in the Battle of New Orleans at the end of the War of 1812.

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A new era of American politics began with Jackson's election in 1828, but it also completed a grand social experiment begun by the American Revolution. Although the Founding Fathers would have been astounded by the new shape of the nation during Jackson's presidency, just as Jackson himself had served in the American Revolution, its values helped form his sense of the world. The ideals of the Revolution had, of course, been altered by the new conditions of the early nineteenth century and would continue to be reworked over time. Economic, religious, and geographic changes had all reshaped the nation in fundamental ways and pointed toward still greater opportunities and pitfalls in the future. Nevertheless, represented a provocative blending of the best and worst qualities of American society. On the one hand it was an authentic democratic movement that contained a principled egalitarian thrust, but this powerful social critique was always cast for the benefit of white men. This tragic mix of egalitarianism, masculine privilege, and racial prejudice remains a central quality of American life and to explore their relationship in the past may help suggest ways of overcoming their haunting limitations in the future.

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With the emergence of the Jacksonian Democrats this scenario was revolutionized, it became their primary duty to defend the government run by the people, as per the Constitution rights.

Jacksonian democracy introduced the system of employing and promoting civil servants who are supporters of the government in power followed by a policy of rotation in public offices which permitted more people to become engaged in governmental issues.

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In the Jacksonian North, the old patriarchal society,in which family name and a mystique of power and "honor" played a largerole, was yielding to more "objective" realities, like money and manufacturingassets.