The Queen Caroline Affair, 1820

Caroline enjoyed such popularity with the general public that it is difficult to find occasions in the press in the where she is not celebrated. An article entitled “The Queen” appeared in The Morning Post and was one of the few to condemn the actions of the Queen abroad. The article, also addressing the Queen directly, represents the more conservative members of the English population who protested the Queen’s actions as immoral and reprehensible. The article censures the Queen for her behavior as unbecoming of her station and her gender. The anonymous authors denounce the Queen and her actions as setting a bad example for her subjects, especially her female subjects. The address ends with an admonishment of the Queen for damaging the reputation of the British Empire – for although she is not British by birth, she is British by marriage and should thus uphold the reputation of her nation in all that she does. The article implies that the Queen failed to thus appropriately perform her royal duties. It is interesting to note however, that this article is one of the few that exist condemning the actions of the Queen. This implies that the majority of popular support lay with Caroline and not with her husband George.

The Queen Caroline Affair - Netspace

The Queen Caroline affair, 1820 | History of Parliament …
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The Queen Caroline Affair, 1820: contemporary comment

The "Delicate Investigation" did not provide the Prince of Wales with such damning evidence of his wife's immorality that he could rid himself of her. The whole episode lowered him still further in public regard. To many it seemed monstrous that his wife should be arraigned for lapses which appeared less grave than his own. The Prince was mocked and lampooned, and he resented the attacks upon him. As his popularity waned, so Caroline's increased. In 1814 the Whigs demanded that her allowance should be increased; on 30 June she was accorded an annual grant of £50,000 Her response was that she would be happy to accept £35,000 so as to ease the taxpayers' burden. Then she she left for a period of residence abroad on the grounds that since the English Court would not give her the honours due to a Princess of Wales, she was content to be 'Caroline, a happy merry soul'.

The press was divided into two camps during the Queen Caroline Affair

The press was divided into two camps during the Queen Caroline Affair. The Times supported Caroline while The New Times wrote in support of the government. (Robins 164) In August of 1820, shortly before the start of the trial, The Times published a ‘leaked’ letter from the Queen to King George IV. In reality, the letter was a work of fiction authored by journalist William Cobbett; however, the article accomplished its goal of endearing the public more to the cause of the Queen by exposing the ill treatment Caroline suffered at the hands of her husband. (Fraser 410)

‘CAROLINE THE INJURED QUEEN OF ENGLAND’.
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Caroline Matilda of Great Britain | European Royal History

George IV’s determination, following his succession to the throne in 1820, to finally obtain a divorce from his estranged wife, Caroline of Brunswick, sparked an opposition campaign, both in Parliament and in the country, which threatened the survival of Lord Liverpool’s Tory administration. It also led to extensive proceedings in the House of Lords, which took on the appearance of a state trial. The famous painting of the ‘Trial of Queen Caroline’ by Sir George Hayter is in the National Portrait Gallery.

Caroline Matilda, Queen of Denmark | Live. With. Flavour

King George III of England was famous for his fidelity to his wife