Separate Spheres Gender Ideology Essay Examples | Kibin
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on the notion of separate spheres, including gender ideology…
Such an approach can be applied to normative features of democraticpractices. Rather than only providing a set of explicit principles ofjustification and institutional decision rules, democracy isalso a particular structure of free and open communication.Ideology restricts or limits such processes of communicationand undermines the conditions of success within them. Ideology asdistorted communication affects both the social conditions in whichdemocratic discussion takes place and the processes of communicationthat go on within them. The theory of ideology, therefore, analyzes theways in which linguistic-symbolic meanings are used to encode, produce,and reproduce relations of power and domination, even withininstitutional spheres of communication and interaction governed bynorms that make democratic ideals explicit in normative procedures andconstraints. As a reconstruction of the potentially correct insightsbehind Marx's exaggerated rejection of liberalism, the theory ofdistorted communication is therefore especially suited to the ways inwhich meanings are used to reproduce power even under explicit rules ofequality and freedom. This is not to say that explicit rules areunimportant: they make it possible for overt forms of coercion andpower to be constrained, the illegitimacy of which requires no appealto norms implicit in practices.
Separate Spheres Gender Ideology Essay Examples - …
These claims about norms raise two difficulties. First, there is apotential regress of rules, that is, that explicit rules requiresfurther rules to apply them, and so on. Second, this approach cannotcapture how norms are often only implicit in practices rather thanexplicitly expressed (Brandom 1994, 18–30). Here Habermas sides withPettit in seeing the central function of explicit norms as creating acommons that can serve as the basis for institutionalizing norms, aspace in which the content of norms and concepts can be put up forrational reflection and revision (Pettit 1992, Habermas 1990). Makingsuch implicit norms explicit is thus also the main task of theinterpretive social scientist and is a potential source of socialcriticism; it is then the task of the participant-critic in thedemocratic public sphere to change them. There is one more possiblerole for the philosophically informed social critic. As we have seenin the case of ideological speech, the reconstructive sciences“also explain deviant cases and through this indirect authorityacquire a critical function as well” (Habermas, 1990,32).
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