How China Sees the Next 'Korean War' | The National Interest

In the year 1945, Korea became a free and independent nation from Japan. This freedom was achieved with direct help from both the U.S (who fought against Japan in favor of an independent Korea) and the Soviets, and although they were now free they were caught in the cross-fires of these two outside nations, becoming the first country to be a major avenue of the Cold War, in this context it was the U.S vs. the Soviets.

The signals intelligence background to the Korean War

Korean communists led internal and external warfare ..
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Regardless of whether or not Seoul knew they would be attacked, the rest of the world was in shock by the invasion. The United Nations met and immediately began discussing the conflict, and what possible repercussions it would have on the rest of the world. The U.S was in a sort of uproar as well. They had already assisted South Korea in getting to this point, but the fact of the matter was that they were in the middle of the Cold War, and could not necessarily spare any resources to help South Korea. The question became a matter of how much longer they should support the South. Evidence of how the Korean War affected the Cold War (at least for the U.S) can be seen in many ways, the most obvious and controversial being in the way that U.S policy changed and was debated due to the need of U.S support in South Korea during its war against the North. The U.S was torn amongst itself between whether or not aid should be given to South Korea to help them fight against the North.

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The two sides of the coin that decided whether or not to continue aid resembled this: on one side, you had those who argued that if you didn’t stand up for or against communism, it was just going to grow bigger, and eventually start knocking on doors closer to home. Communism was had more impact and instilled more fear than organized crime, and nobody wanted it in their neighborhood. Within this same group you had people who were simply arguing the morality of the situation, being that South Korea was a brand new country, and very small in comparison to the powers it was fighting (China and Russia were now both aiding the North). The second side of the coin can be described as the side that wished South Korea to deal with their own problems, and had a more home-focused approach, since the U.S was struggling with issues of their own. It can be argued that neither side was right nor wrong, but their opinions and discussion reflect the vein of thought within the government.

The international adoption of South Korean children was triggered by casualties of the Korean War after 1953
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During periods of colonization, the relatively small country of Korea which was attached to China became a colonized nation of Japan. This colonization came after much conflict between China and Japan, as both countries wanted to control and integrate the country into their own empires. This was ironic that China was also fighting to control Korea because later on – when Korea wishes to declare its independence from Japan – China supports Korea and states that they will rightfully and inevitably become a free nation. After successful colonization of Korea, Japan slowly began trying to assimilate Korea into their culture as completely as possible. They attempted this by banning the practice of the Korean language, both spoken and written – they burned and confiscated countless books and written works – and they tightened control so that Korea had no way of forming any of their own government, and those who supported independence were exiled and divided to avoid any revolutions. As a result, native Korean peoples were not experienced in self-government which would lead to difficulties in establishing themselves later on.

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It is clear at this point how the politics both the Cold War and the Korean War affected each other. The Cold War affected the Korean War when the U.S assisted Korea in becoming independent from Japan, and then later fought against the Soviets shortly after the declared independence. Vice versa, the Korean War had an effect on the U.S government, which is evident in the way that Truman enforced the 1946 doctrine of containment for the purpose of justifying and legally defending his decision to support South Korea in their war against the North. During both wars, and by the end of them, the U.S and South Korea became intertwined, and the connections and influences of both the Cold War and the Korean War became permanently forged in history.

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At the end of WWII, Korea broke away from Japanese rule, and a couple of years later, divided into two separate factions – North and South Korea. In the year 1950, the two factions went to war against each other, with the United Nations (led by the U.S) supporting the South, and China and Russia supporting the North. The war lasted about 3 years, and ended in a truce in 1953, but the two factions are still at odds to this day. This war was heavily influenced by American politics during the Truman Administration – it can be argued that the outcome of the war was largely in part of the influence from outside countries, namely the United States who spear-headed the support given to South Korea, alongside the United Nations. The fact that the Cold War was raging between other nations (including the U.S) amidst the conflict in Korea is significant – especially since South Korea relied heavily on U.S aid (both financially and in military support) to fight the communist faction of North Korea. In the U.S there were many who were conflicted about whether resources should be spared to help South Korea, since they were struggling with their own problems. This led to clashing politics, clashing politicians (President Truman committed forces to Korea without Congress approval), and internal conflict that had a direct influence in Korea.