Does the Constitution contain a right to privacy? | …

More recently a type of privacy account has been proposed inrelation to new information technology, that acknowledges that thereis a cluster of related moral claims (cluster accounts) underlyingappeals to privacy (DeCew 1997; Solove 2006; van den Hoven 1999;Allen 2011; Nissenbaum 2004), but maintains that there is no singleessential core of privacy concerns. A recent final addition to thebody of privacy accounts are epistemic accounts, where the notion ofprivacy is analyzed primarily in terms of knowledge or other epistemicstates. Having privacy means that others don't know certain privatepropositions; lacking privacy means that others do know certainprivate propositions (Blaauw 2013). An important aspect of thisconception of having privacy is that it is seen as a relation (Rubel2011; Matheson 2007; Blaauw 2013) with three argument places: asubject (), a set of propositions () and a set ofindividuals (). Here is the subject who has (acertain degree of) privacy. is composed of those propositionsthe subject wants to keep private (call the propositions in this set‘personal propositions’), and is composed ofthose individuals with respect to whom wants to keep thepersonal propositions private.

The HIPAA Privacy Rule: Patients' Rights | Privacy …

Oct 15, 2010 · Does the Constitution guarantee a "right to ..
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Does the right of privacy include the right to die? | …

McCrory and other HB2 supporters accuse the Justice Department, the U.S. Department of Education and other federal officials of "radically reinterpreting" discrimination law to include LGBT individuals. The 4th Circuit Court of Appeals, which has precedence in North Carolina, ruled in a recent Virginia transgender bathroom case that the federal agencies acted within their rights to include LGBT protections.

new right to be informed of the privacy practices of ..

Statements about privacy can be either descriptive or normative,depending on whether they are used to describe the way people definesituations and conditions of privacy and the way they value them, orare used to indicate that there ought to be constraints on the use ofinformation or information processing. Informational privacy in anormative sense refers typically to a non-absolute moral right ofpersons to have direct or indirect control over access to (1)information about oneself, (2) situations in which others couldacquire information about oneself, and (3) technology that can be usedto generate, process or disseminate information about oneself.

The Right to Privacy Flashcards | Quizlet
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Many of these devices also contain cameras which, when applicationshave access, can be used to take pictures. These can be consideredsensors as well, and the data they generate may be particularlyprivate. For sensors like cameras, it is assumed that the user isaware when they are activated, and privacy depends on suchknowledge. For webcams, a light typically indicates whether the camerais on, but this light may be manipulated by malicious software. Ingeneral, “reconfigurable technology” (Dechesne, Warnier,& van den Hoven 2011) that handles personal data raises thequestion of user knowledge of the configuration.

Understanding HB2: North Carolina’s newest law …

Discussions about privacy are intertwined with the use oftechnology. The publication that began the debate about privacy in theWestern world was occasioned by the introduction of the newspaperprinting press and photography. Samuel D. Warren and Louis Brandeiswrote their article on privacy in the Harvard Law Review (Warren &Brandeis 1890) partly in protest against the intrusive activities ofthe journalists of those days. They argued that there is a“right to be left alone” based on a principle of“inviolate personality”. Since the publication of thatarticle, the debate about privacy has been fueled by claims for theright of individuals to determine the extent to which others haveaccess to them (Westin 1967) and claims for the right of society toknow about individuals. The privacy debate has co-evolved with thedevelopment of information technology. It is therefore difficult toconceive of the notions of privacy and discussions about dataprotection as separate from the way computers, the Internet, mobilecomputing and the many applications of these basic technologies haveevolved.

Definitions of privacy and informational privacy

A growing number of software tools are available that provide someform of privacy (usually anonymity) for their users, such tools arecommonly known as privacy enhancing technologies (Danezis &Gürses 2010, Other Internet Resources). Examples includecommunication-anonymizing tools such as Tor (Dingledine, Mathewson,& Syverson 2004) and Freenet (Clarke et al. 2001), andidentity-management systems for which many commercial softwarepackages exist (see below). Communication anonymizing tools allowusers to anonymously browse the web (with Tor) or anonymously sharecontent (Freenet). They employ a number of cryptographic techniquesand security protocols in order to ensure their goal of anonymouscommunication. Both systems use the property that numerous users usethe system at the same time which provides -anonymity (Sweeney2002): no individual can be uniquely distinguished from a group ofsize , for large values for . Depending on the system,the value of can vary between a few hundred to hundreds ofthousands. In Tor, messages are encrypted and routed along numerousdifferent computers, thereby obscuring the original sender of themessage (and thus providing anonymity). Similarly, in Freenet contentis stored in encrypted form from all users of the system. Since usersthemselves do not have the necessary decryption keys, they do not knowwhat kind of content is stored, by the system, on their owncomputer. This provides plausible deniability and privacy. The systemcan at any time retrieve the encrypted content and send it todifferent Freenet users.